[63] In that study it was suggested that the fast evolution of the Loricarioidei suborder was attracting this clade to the outgroups through long branch attraction, incorrectly placing it as the earliest-branching catfish lineage. The white catfish is the only species native to the Chesapeake Bay, and it’s the smallest of the large North American catfish species. 56: Neotype description for the African catfish Clarias Gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) (Pisces: Siluroidei: Clariidae), Sustainable seafood advisory lists and certification, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catfish&oldid=990256251, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The biggest flathead catfish caught was by Ken Paulie in the Elk City Reservoir in Kansas. [48], In Nigeria, catfish is often cooked in a variety of stews. Use the form at this web address to submit a request along with a photo or video: Fishing.IN.gov. Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. – Extant families - According to Practical Fishkeeping, there are now over 3,000 species of catfish around the world.Depending on the species, catfish can range in size from 1.5 to 2 inches (4 to 5 cm) to hundreds of pounds, like the behemoths on this list.All of the catfish on this list … Pimelodidae Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. Nematogenyiidae Amphiliidae Wade was of the opinion that the offending fish must have been significantly larger than this to have taken an 18-year-old boy as well as a water buffalo. Erethistidae The variability in catfish sound signals differs due to a few factors: the mechanism by which the sound is produced, the function of the resulting sound, and physiological differences such as size, sex, and age. Many catfish are nocturnal,[3][4] but others (many Auchenipteridae) are crepuscular or diurnal (most Loricariidae or Callichthyidae, for example). Walking catfish have also been introduced in the freshwaters of Florida, with the voracious catfish becoming a major alien pest there. Several species of panaque are popular … Skelton, Paul H. and Teugels, Guy G. 1992. These plates may be supported by vertebral processes, as in scoloplacids and in Sisor, but the processes never fuse to the plates or form any external armor. For other uses, see, Wang, J., Lu, B., Zan, R., Chai, J., Ma, W., Jin, W., Duan, R., Luo, J., Murphy, R.W., Xiao, H. & Chen, Z. Kaatz investigated 83 species from 14 families of catfish, and determined that catfishes produce more stridulatory sounds in disturbance situations and more swimbladder sounds in intraspecific conflicts. These fish prefer to be kept in schools of 4 or 5, so make sure your tank is large enough to accommodate that need if you choose this species. They are also able to determine the distance of the sound's origin and from what direction it originated. Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius) cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the United States, and so is referred to as swai or basa[45] Only fish of the family Ictaluridae may be marketed as catfish in the United States. [6], The wels catfish, Silurus glanis, and the much smaller related Aristotle's catfish are the only catfish indigenous to Europe: the former ranging throughout Europe, and the latter restricted to Greece. Many species in the catfish family possess an enhanced first pectoral fin ray, called the spine, which can be moved by large abductor and adductor muscles. In many catfish, the humeral process is a bony process extending backward from the pectoral girdle immediately above the base of the pectoral fin. at least 20 species: Panaque: Panaque spp. All Rights Reserved. Claroteidae "In catfish, gustation plays a primary role in the orientation and location of food". 24 to 29 rays in rounded anal fin, caudal fin is deeply forked, dark spots on sides when young. [31] The total number of fringes and their length are different in the caudal and cranial portions between species. [49], Fish must have fins and scales to be kosher. In general, they are negatively buoyant, which means that they will usually sink rather than float due to a reduced gas bladder and a heavy, bony head. Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. For many species, pigmentation pattern is also similar in juveniles and adults. [23], Sexual dimorphism is reported in about half of all families of catfish. "Alternative life-history strategies of catfishes", 10.1894/0038-4909(2007)52[141:ASCPPC]2.0.CO;2, "New Philippine record of South American sailfin catfishes (Pisces: Loricariidae)". Many species of this fish exist, but are not yet officially identified; the three common aquarium species are known as L-018, L-081, and L-177. [54] This makes the catfish order the second or third most diverse vertebrate order; in fact, 1 out of every 20 vertebrate species is a catfish. Notes are given about some of the features used to tell different families apart, click here if you need some help with these anatomical terms . alarm) and agonistic behavior were not significantly different, which suggests distress sounds can be used to sample variation in agonistic sound production. Lacantuniidae is included in the Sullivan scheme based on recent evidence that places it sister to Claroteidae. Catfish are relatively inactive and do not migrate for spawning, unlike other inland species such as trout, golden perch or Murray cod. Heptapteridae Migrants from Europe and Africa to the United States brought along this tradition, and in the Southern United States, catfish is an extremely popular food. Ictaluridae [8][9] One such species is Phreatobius cisternarum, known to live underground in phreatic habitats. [6] The largest producers are located in the Southern United States, including Mississippi, Alabama, and Arkansas. In Bangladesh and the Indian states of Odisha, West Bengal and Assam, catfish (locally known as magur) is eaten as a favored delicacy during the monsoons. [30] In the testes of some species of Siluriformes, organs and structures such as a spermatogenic cranial region and a secretory caudal region are observed, in addition to the presence of seminal vesicles in the caudal region. The Pictus Catfish is one of the larger species on this list, growing up to 5 inches long. Misbranded food", "Fish Labelling (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2006", "How to cook the irresistible catfish pepper soup", "Checklist of catfish, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types", "Revision of the endemic Malagasy catfish family Anchariidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species", "Neotropical catfish diversity: an historical perspective", "Evolutionary history of Otophysi (Teleostei), a major clade of the modern freshwater fishes: Pangaean origin and Mesozoic radiation", "LSX: Automated reduction of gene-specific lineage evolutionary rate heterogeneity for multi-gene phylogeny inference". In some catfishes, pectoral fins are longer in males than in females of similar length, and differences in the characteristic of the sounds produced were also observed. 33. Mystus gulio. [10] Numerous species from the families Ariidae and Plotosidae, and a few species from among the Aspredinidae and Bagridae, are found in salt water.[11][12]. The All Catfish Species Inventory (Order Siluriformes) or “All Catfishes” as it became known, was funded by NSF as Phase I of a PBI of the Otophysi and was completed in 2009. Auchenipteridae Chacidae Each fish guide has in-depth information including their places of origin, habitats and behaviors as well as the fish care needed for successfully keeping them in the aquarium. Representatives of the genus Ictalurus have been introduced into European waters in the hope of obtaining a sporting and food resource. What is my catfish? [7], Catfish may have up to four pairs of barbels: nasal, maxillary (on each side of mouth), and two pairs of chin barbels, though pairs of barbels may be absent depending on the species. It's a great way to keep informed about your favorite fish species. Siluridae [24] The modification of the anal fin into an intromittent organ (in internal fertilizers) as well as accessory structures of the reproductive apparatus (in both internal and external fertilizers) have been described in species belonging to 11 different families. In North America the largest Ictalurus furcatus (Blue catfish) caught in the Missouri River on 20 July 2010, weighed 59 kilograms (130 lb). In addition if you're not too sure about classification (terms like family, species, genus etc) click here. Judgments as to the quality and flavor vary, with some food critics considering catfish excellent to eat, while others dismiss them as watery and lacking in flavor. Many catfish have a tapetum lucidum which may help enhance photon capture and increase low-light sensitivity. Notes are given about some of the features used to tell different families apart, click here if you need some help with these anatomical terms. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii Amblycipitidae This is supported by molecular evidence. Family Bagridae (Old World river catfishes) 31. Seminal vesicle secretion may include steroids and steroid glucuronides, with hormonal and pheromonal functions, but it appears to be primarily constituted of mucoproteins, acid mucopolysaccharides, and phospholipids. [31] Many catfish are cystovarian in type, including Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, P. fasciatum, Lophiosilurus alexandri, and Loricaria lentiginosa. Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. The species count is in constant flux due to taxonomic work as well as description of new species. However, the European stock of American catfishes has not achieved the dimensions of these fish in their native waters, and have only increased the ecological pressure on native European fauna. (2014). Ailiidae[1] Wolff's Mystus. The NC Wildlife Action Plan also identifies several catfish species as Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN). [29], The anatomical organization of the testis in catfish is variable among the families of catfish, but the majority of them present fringed testis: Ictaluridae, Claridae, Auchenipteridae, Doradidae, Pimelodidae, and Pseudopimelodidae. [53] Thus, the actual number of families differs between authors. The catfish are a monophyletic group. Catfish have widely been caught and farmed for food for hundreds of years in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. While most studies, both morphological and molecular, agree that catfishes are arranged into three main lineages, the relationship among these lineages has been a contentious point in which morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies differ. In July 2009, a catfish weighing 88 kilograms (194 lb) was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by an 11-year-old British schoolgirl.[26]. Austroglanididae Fish. [36], Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. Callichthyidae – Extinct family - Also, FishBase and the Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists Parakysidae as a separate family, while this group is included under Akysidae by both Nelson (2006) and ACSI. (2011). [46][47] In the UK, Vietnamese catfish is sometimes sold as "Vietnamese river cobbler", although more commonly as Basa. "Discovery of African roots for the Mesoamerican Chiapas catfish, 10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[39:DOARFT]2.0.CO;2, "Phylogenetic classification of bony fishes", Ichthyological Bulletin; No. [5] Some of the smallest species of Aspredinidae and Trichomycteridae reach sexual maturity at only 1 centimetre (0.39 in). Piraíba (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) can grow exceptionally large and are native to the Amazon basin. White catfish lack scales and possess an adipose fin, as well as a single, often serrated spine in the dorsal and pectoral fins. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. Andinichthyidae â€. On the other hand, our understanding of catfish should increase in the next few years due to work by the ACSI. Fish species found throughout Queensland. Some place Gymnotiformes as a sub-order of Siluriformes, however this is not as widely accepted. In some species, the mucus-covered skin is used in cutaneous respiration, where the fish breathes through its skin. [13] These nicknames are not standardized, so one area may call a bullhead catfish by the nickname "chucklehead", while in another state or region, that nickname refers to the blue catfish. Bobby Hicks is a small 21-acre lake in south Tampa that has a maximum depth of 19 feet and is part of the FWC’s Urban Fisheries Program. Bagridae Between 2003 and 2005, over 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of the past century. The Mekong giant catfish is one of the most well-known catfish due to its monstrous size. [7], Catfish do not have scales; their bodies are often naked. Mystus wolffii. In Europe it is often cooked in similar ways to carp, but in the United States it is popularly crumbed with cornmeal and fried. Sisoridae ", Catfish is eaten in a variety of ways. The base of the catfishes' spines has a sequence of ridges, and the spine normally slides within a groove on the fish's pelvic girdle during routine movement; but, pressing the ridges on the spine against the pelvic girdle groove creates a series of short pulses. [7] In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order. 0 oz.). Please donate to our monthly hosting costs and keep us free for everyone to enjoy!Explore our YouTube channel, Facebook page or follow us on Twitter. Recreational fishing rules and regulations. [7], They are found in freshwater environments, though most inhabit shallow, running water. The largest flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 56 kilograms (123 lb).
2020 catfish species list